Republic of Korea (South Korea)

  • Capital City
    Seoul
    (10.2 million as of 2017)
  • Population
    51.77 million
    (2017)
  • Size
    1,012km (North->South)
    165km (East->West)
  • Country Dialing Code
    +82
  • Time Zone
    GMT +9
    (Korean Standard Time KST)
  • Language
    Korean
    (writing system: Hangeul)
  • National Flag
    Taegeukgi
  • National Flower
    Mugunghwa

Korea, Perfect Balance between Old and New

The Korean peninsula sretches southward from the center of the Northeastern coast of Asia, encompassing a land area of approximately 220,000 Km² with some 3,400 islands dotting its coastline. Korea is currently the only nation in the world that is still divided into two different political entities. South Korea has a population of 51.77 million, of which about 10 million live in the capital, Seoul. Over their 5,000-year history, Koreans have achieved an indigenous culture, and their unique cultural properties can be found throughout the peninsula. Koreans have put a high value on learning, and have earned a reputation for diligence and dedication.

Weather

Korea has four seasons, with a wet monsoon/summer season in the middle of the year, and a cold winter from November to March. The island of Jeju off the southern coast is the warmest and wettest place in the country. The ideal time to visit Korea is during the autumn months (September-November). During this time, the country experiences warm, sunny weather, skies that are cobalt blue and spectacular foliage that is perhaps the biggest draw. Winters are cold and dry and are a good time to visit if you are interested in winter sports as there are numerous ski resorts. Spring (April-May) is also beautiful with all the cherry blossoms in bloom. However, it is very busy and one needs to book in advance to ensure accommodation is available. The summer months are muggy and hot, and rather crowded. It is also when the monsoon season begins so many activities are subject to the fluctuations of heavy rain.

Food

Korean Food

Korean food is referred to in Korean as Hansik. While many other Asian ethnic foods such as Chinese or Japanese cuisine have become popular throughout the world, Korean food has yet to reach its peak. The Korean government is crusading for the globalization of Hansik in cooperation with companies, civic groups and the mass media. As the people of the world gain a better understanding of Korean food its flavors, and its roots, Korean food will undoubtedly become a global commodity like the foods of Korea's neighbors.

Hangeul, the Best Korean Invention of All Time

Hangeul, the Korean alphabet, refers to the series of letters that form syllables with which the Korean language is written. The most unique aspect of Hangeul is that it was intentionally created by the government as a written means of expressing the Korean language. History states that King Sejong, who was the 4th king of the Joseon Dynasty, sponsored and helped in the scientific creation of the alphabet with the help of a team of scholars, making it the most significant invention in Korean history.

Hanbok, the Traditional Costume of the Korean People

Hanbok

Hanbok is the traditional outfit of the Korean people. Koreans nowadays wear this outfit only on festive days or special anniversaries; however, it was worn daily until just 100 years ago. It is a kind of traditional formal dress, and most Koreans keep a Hanbok for these special times. Children wear Hanbok on their first birthday, and adults wear it for their wedding ceremony and on their 60th birthday. The Hanbok is also worn for funerals or religious services, and is still used as casual wear in villages or districts where the traditional ways of life are maintained such as Chunghak-dong on Mount Jiri.

Hanok, the Breathing House

Hanok

Hanok is the traditional architecture style of Korea. The word Hanok embraces all types of traditional architecture including thatched-roof, shingle-roofed and tile-roofed houses. However, these days, the term Hanok is generally understood to mean only the tile-roofed house. While the thatched-roof houses made of straw or shingle-roofed houses have nearly disappeared, the tile-roofed hanok can still be found throughout the country. There are many tile-roofed houses that are being maintained as cultural heritages, but many are also still private residences.
For more information about Seoul, please visit the website below.
- Korea Tourism Organization:
http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/index.kto

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September 30, 2018